Depending on the exact yarn weight and the gauge of the knitter or crocheter and how tight or loose the yarn is held, the gauge listed below can vary. For this reason it is important to check the gauge of the pattern being used to be sure so the finished project is the desired size. Most patterns have a listed gauge to create an item of the size(s) indicated in the pattern.
|Category name||Symbol||Description||Crochet gauge||Hook size||Knitting gauge||Needle size|
|Lace||fingering, crochet 10-count thread||33 – 40 sts||1.5mm – 2.25 mm|
|Super fine||sock, fingering, baby||21 – 32 sts||2.25mm – 3.5 mm|
|Fine||sport, baby||16 – 20 sts||3.5mm – 4.5 mm|
|Light||DK, light worsted||12 – 17 sts||4.5mm – 5.5 mm|
|Medium||worsted, Afghan, Aran||11 – 14 sts||5.5mm – 6.5 mm|
|Bulky||chunky, craft, rug||8 – 11 sts||6.5mm – 9 mm|
|Super Bulky||bulky, roving||5 – 9 sts||9mm & larger|
All varieties of cotton have a dull finish unless mercerized. Cotton yarn has minimal elasticity unless blended with other fibers. Pure cotton is useful for projects that require structure such as purses and tote bags, placemats, and other utilitarian items.
|Egyptian cotton||Longest cotton fiber, smoother and softer than other cottons.|
|Pima cotton||Cross between Egyptian and American cottons. Intermediate properties.|
|American cotton||Medium-long fiber, readily takes on dye. Available in widest variety of colors.|
|Linen||Strong fiber, good for warm weather items. Wrinkles easily.|
|Bamboo bast||Similar to ramie, possesses an elegant sheen. Not to be confused with the more common bamboo rayon.|
|Merino wool||Softer than cotton, tends to pill.|
|Icelandic wool||Strong but scratchy.|
|Mohair||Lofty and luxurious, best used as an outer layer. May feel scratchy.|
|Cashmere||Soft, luxurious, expensive.|
|Alpaca||Very warm. Suitable for accessories such as scarves.|
|Angora||Very soft, tends to shed. Best used in pure form as an accent material, or blended with other fibers.|
|Silk||Exceptionally strong, lustrous, and shiny. Good for summer wear.|
|Acrylic||Washes well, inexpensive. Good choice for beginners and for items designed for babies or pets.|
|Nylon||Strong, elastic, washes well. Not ideal for garments unless blended with other fibers.|
|Rayon||Made from processed cellulose (e.g. wood pulp, bamboo, seaweed) extruded into threads. Inexpensive and highly absorbent, natural sheen.|
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